They live in the town proper in the town itself, not in the suburbs.
All adjectives can follow nouns in certain constructions, such as tell me something new. In many languages, some adjectives are comparable. For example, a person may be "polite", but another person may be "more polite", and a third person may be the "most polite" of the three. The word "more" here modifies the adjective "polite" to indicate a comparison is being made, and "most" modifies the adjective to indicate an absolute comparison a superlative.
Among languages that allow adjectives to be compared, different means are used to indicate comparison.
Some languages do not distinguish between comparative and superlative forms. In English, many adjectives can take the suffixes "-er" and "-est" sometimes requiring additional letters before the suffix; see forms for far below to indicate the comparative and superlative forms, respectively:.
Another way to convey comparison is by incorporating the words "more" and "most". There is no simple rule to decide which means is correct for any given adjective, however. The general tendency is for simpler adjectives, and those from Anglo-Saxon to take the suffixes, while longer adjectives and those from French , Latin , Greek do not—but sometimes sound of the word is the deciding factor. Many adjectives do not naturally lend themselves to comparison.
For example, some English speakers would argue that it does not make sense to say that one thing is "more ultimate" than another, or that something is "most ultimate", since the word "ultimate" is already absolute in its semantics. Such adjectives are called non-comparable or absolute. Nevertheless, native speakers will frequently play with the raised forms of adjectives of this sort. Although "pregnant" is logically non-comparable either one is pregnant or not , one may hear a sentence like "She looks more and more pregnant each day".
Likewise "extinct" and "equal" appear to be non-comparable, but one might say that a language about which nothing is known is "more extinct" than a well-documented language with surviving literature but no speakers, while George Orwell wrote "All animals are equal, but some animals are more equal than others".
These cases may be viewed as evidence that the base forms of these adjectives are not as absolute in their semantics as is usually thought. Comparative and superlative forms are also occasionally used for other purposes than comparison.
In English comparatives can be used to suggest that a statement is only tentative or tendential: In Italian, superlatives are frequently used to put strong emphasis on an adjective: Bellissimo means "most beautiful", but is in fact more commonly heard in the sense "extremely beautiful". Attributive adjectives, and other noun modifiers , may be used either restrictively helping to identify the noun's referent, hence "restricting" its reference or non-restrictively helping to describe an already-identified noun.
In English, restrictiveness is not marked on adjectives, but is marked on relative clauses the difference between "the man who recognized me was there" and "the man, who recognized me , was there" being one of restrictiveness. In some languages, adjectives alter their form to reflect the gender, case and number of the noun that they describe.
This is called agreement or concord. Usually it takes the form of inflections at the end of the word, as in Latin:. In Celtic languages , however, initial consonant lenition marks the adjective with a feminine singular noun, as in Irish:.
Often, distinction is made here between attributive and predicative usage. In English, adjectives never agree, and in French, they always agree. In German, they agree only when they are used attributively, and in Hungarian, they agree only when they are used predicatively:.
From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia. Examples That's an interesting idea. Comparison grammar and Comparative. Capital Community College Foundation. Retrieved 20 March Dictionary of Grammatical Terms in Linguistics. Lewis and Charles Short. A Latin Dictionary on Perseus Project.
Introduction to Attic Greek. University of California Press, University of Oklahoma Press, Dixon, "Where Have all the Adjectives Gone? Lexical categories and their features. Collateral Demonstrative Nominalized Possessive Postpositive.
Inflected Casally modulated Stranded. Article Demonstrative Interrogative Possessive Quantifier.
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